Davide Gerosa

Core collapse in scalar-tensor theories

Check me out on github.com/dgerosa/corecollapse.

Data release supporting arXiv:1602.06952.

Numerical simulations of stellar collapse in scalar-tensor theories of gravity

We present numerical-relativity simulations of spherically symmetric core collapse and compact-object formation in scalar-tensor theories of gravity. The additional scalar degree of freedom introduces a propagating monopole gravitational-wave mode. Detection of monopole scalar waves with current and future gravitational-wave experiments may constitute smoking gun evidence for strong-field modifications of General Relativity. We collapse both polytropic and more realistic pre-supernova profiles using a high-resolution shock-capturing scheme and an approximate prescription for the nuclear equation of state. The most promising sources of scalar radiation are protoneutron stars collapsing to black holes. In case of a Galactic core collapse event forming a black hole, Advanced LIGO may be able to place independent constraints on the parameters of the theory at a level comparable to current Solar-System and binary-pulsar measurements. In the region of the parameter space admitting spontaneously scalarised stars, transition to configurations with prominent scalar hair before black-hole formation further enhances the emitted signal. Although a more realistic treatment of the microphysics is necessary to fully investigate the occurrence of spontaneous scalarisation of neutron star remnants, we speculate that formation of such objects could constrain the parameters of the theory beyond the current bounds obtained with Solar-System and binary-pulsar experiments.


You are more than welcome to use these waveforms in your research; we kindly ask you to cite our paper above. If you want to cite the database specifically, it's DOI.

This material is also available on Christian Ott’s webpage stellarcollapse.org, together with more resources on stellar collapse.

Waveforms in scalar-tensor theories

We provide data files of the gravitational-wave waveforms presented in our paper. In particular, time-domain and frequency-domain waveforms of all runs entering Figs. 5.3, 5.4 and 5.5 are provided.

Files are named according to the following convention:


where: - model=WH12,WH40 is the initial profile; - gamma1, gamma2 and gammath are the adiabatic indexes entering the EOS; - alpha0 and beta0 are the scalar-tensor theory parameters; - TD or FD stands for time-domain and frequency-domain waveforms, respectively.

Files have two columns:

  • time | h(t) for time-domain waveforms;
  • frequency | sqrt(S(f)) for frequency-domain waveforms.

Definitions and conventions for h(t) and sqrt(S(f)) are given in the paper. All numerical setups are specified in Sec.4 of our paper: in particular, signals are extracted at r_ext = 3e9cm and computed for an optimally oriented source placed at D=10kpc from the detector. The time-domain waveforms provided are raw data and include the initial unphysical transient due to the initialization of the scalar field. Frequency-domain waveforms have been computed by selecting a time window t-r_ext=[0.006,0.6] as specified in Sec.4.


We also provide animated versions of Fig. 5.1 (files evolution*). Here is a YouTube playlist with all animations. Files are available as well.

Top panels of Fig. 5.1 from 1602.06952

Middle panels of Fig. 5.1 from 1602.06952

 Bottom panels of Fig. 5.1 from 1602.06952

Collapse of a Γ = 4/3 polytrope (top), the 12M⊙ (midddle) and 40M⊙ (bottom) pre- SN profiles of [90] in ST theory with α0 = 10^−4 and β0 = −4.35, assuming Γ1 = 1.3, Γ2 = 2.5 and Γth = 1.35. The evolution of the mass density ρ (left) and the scalar field φ (right) is shown as a function of the radius r at various timesteps t. Timesteps are colored from darker (early times) to lighter (late times).